McBride Law Blog


Archive for for July, 2016

Maryland Law Update: How a Board Might Exercise Business Judgment When a Shareholder Makes a Demand (Part I)

July 28, 2016

In our previous blog series on Texas Double-Derivative Shareholder Suit, we introduced the concept of business judgment rule—the presumption that directors or managers, in performing their functions, were honest and well-meaning and that their decisions were informed and in the best interests of the company. We then delved a little deeper into the concept in another blog on the business judgment rule under New York law and discussed when board decisions might not be protected under the business judgment rule.… Read the rest

Charging Orders: Is a Creditor of an LLC Member Necessarily a Creditor of the LLC? (Part II)

July 26, 2016

Merrill Ranch Properties, LLC v. Austell[1] involved a bank loan to an LLC, secured by certain property in Arizona and guaranteed by an affiliated individual and eight trust entities he controlled.  At some point, the loan was declared in default and the bank filed a lawsuit in Arizona against the borrower and the guarantors to recover the balance of the loan.  The lawsuit eventually settled.  Subsequently, however, the plaintiff discovered that shortly after the loan was declared in default, three LLCs with corporate relationships to the guarantor transferred certain assets to various newly-created entities that were, in turn, directly or indirectly owned by trusts controlled by the guarantor.  … Read the rest

Covenant Not To Compete When Buying or Selling a Business (Part V)

July 21, 2016


In Texas, as in many other states, a covenant not to compete is enforceable if: (i) it is ancillary to or part of an otherwise enforceable agreement at the time the agreement is made; (ii) it is reasonable as to time, geographic area, and scope of activity to be restrained; and (iii) the restraint imposed is no greater than is necessary to protect the goodwill or other business interests at issue.[1]  If the first two conditions are met but the restraint imposed is greater than necessary, Texas courts have the authority to reform the covenant to the extent necessary to make it reasonable as to time, geographic area, and scope of activity.… Read the rest

Charging Orders: Is a Creditor of an LLC Member Necessarily a Creditor of the LLC? (Part I)

July 19, 2016

In our previous blog series on Comparison of LLC Statutes, we briefly touched on the concept of LLC charging order.  In many states, including Delaware, New York, and Texas, a creditor with a judgment against an LLC member can apply for a charging order to satisfy the judgment.  That way, the creditor gets the right to receive distributions from the LLC to which the debtor/member would otherwise have been entitled.  A charging order may or may not be the exclusive remedy by which a creditor may satisfy a judgment out of the debtor’s LLC interest, depending on the jurisdiction, and this can make a big difference if the LLC does not make any distributions.… Read the rest

Covenant Not To Compete When Buying or Selling a Business (Part IV)

July 14, 2016

New York: Sale of Business and Good Will Beyond the Label.

In New York, non-competes used to be strongly disfavored by courts.[1]  Over time, however, courts came to recognize that there are situations in which it was not only desirable but essential to enforce non-competes.[2]  For example, in the context of a sale of a business along with its good will as a going concern, New York courts enforce a covenant not to compete because a seller of a business should not be allowed to recapture the good will of the very business he or she transferred for value by competing against the buyer.… Read the rest

Shawn McBride Featured in a Huffington Post Article on Crowdfunding

July 12, 2016

On June 23, 2016, Shawn McBride was featured in a Huffington Post article titled “What the New Equity Crowdfunding Rules Mean for Business Owners and Investors.”  This article is based on the podcast interview with Deirdre Sanborn of The Ambition Project Show on the same subject, which we blogged about just this past week (here).

The Huffington Post article focuses on the implications of the new federal crowdfunding rules, which became effective as of May 16, 2016, mainly for business owners. … Read the rest

Is My Company’s Lawyer Also My Lawyer? (Part II)

July 7, 2016

As the case progressed, Meissner and Yun, the two former business partners, entered the discovery phase.[1] Meissner sought the disclosure of some email threads between Yun and attorney Christopher Kelly. Yun claimed that they were protected by attorney-client privilege and refused to produce them.

As the court noted, for a party to assert this privilege, an attorney-client relationship must exist. And such a relationship exists when a party contacts the attorney in his or her capacity as an attorney for the purpose of obtaining legal advice or service.… Read the rest

Covenant Not To Compete When Buying or Selling a Business (Part III)

July 5, 2016

Florida: Reasonableness Matters.

In Florida, restrictive covenants are not prohibited, so long as they are reasonable in time, area, and line of business.[1]  In the context of the sale of a business or professional practice, Florida courts generally presume reasonable if the restriction is less than three years in duration and unreasonable if more than seven years in duration.  Additionally, the person seeking to enforce a restrictive covenant must: (i) show the existence of a legitimate business interest justifying the restriction, such as trade secrets, other valuable confidential business or professional information, substantial relationships with customers/patients/clients, goodwill, or special training; and (ii) prove that the restraint is reasonably  necessary to protect the legitimate business interest.… Read the rest

All postings are intended to be planning tools to familiarize readers with some of the high-level issues discussed therein. No posting is intended to be a comprehensive discussion and additional details should be discussed with your transaction planners including attorneys, accountants, consultants, bankers and other business planners who can provide advice for your circumstances. This article should not be treated as legal advice to any person or entity.