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Will Your Personal Obligations Cause You To Lose Control of Your LLC? LLC Charging Order Update: Vision Marketing Resources, Inc. v. McMillin Group, LLC (Part 2)

December 29, 2015

Vision Marketing Resources, Inc. v. McMillin Group, LLC.

 In Vision Marketing, the court first addressed whether it could issue a charging order against a non-Kansas LLC over which it did not have jurisdiction. There was no Kansas case law on this issue, so the court looked at several cases in which other state’s appellate courts held that the court need not have jurisdiction over the foreign LLC (i.e., those formed elsewhere) in order to issue a charging order against the interests of its members: for example, the Illinois Appellate Court found that a court only needs to have jurisdiction over the judgment debtor to enter charging orders against the judgment debtor’s interest, because charging orders on distributional interests do not affect the rights or interests of the LLC; and in Georgia, the Court of Appeals has likewise held that it is only necessary for a court to have jurisdiction over the judgment debtor to have the authority to enter charging orders against the judgment debtor’s interest because the LLC has no right or direct interest that is affected by the charging order.… Read the rest

Will Your Personal Obligations Cause You To Lose Control of Your LLC? LLC Charging Order Update: Vision Marketing Resources, Inc. v. McMillin Group, LLC

December 19, 2015

In our previous blog series on single-member LLCs and creditors’ rights (available here), we discussed charging order protection and courts’ application of the same to single-member LLCs. As we mentioned, the obvious purpose of charging order is to protect other members of an LLC from having involuntarily to share governance responsibilities with someone they did not choose or from having to accept a creditor of another member as a co-manager—that is, to protect the autonomy of the original members and their ability to manage their own enterprise.… Read the rest

LLC Owners, If You Owe Someone Money, Your Ownership of an LLC Might Not Be Protected: When It Comes to Single-Member LLCs, Charging Order May Not Be the Exclusive Remedy (Part 6)

December 5, 2015

After Olmstead v. FTC, a Florida Case with Potential National Implications.

The Florida Supreme Court’s opinion in Olmstead v. FTC created much uncertainty concerning charging order protection for multi-member LLCs in Florida[1] and seems to have been the catalyst for legislative action in Florida and Delaware, among others.

In 2011, the Florida legislature amended the Florida Revised Limited Liability Company Act to provide that a charging order is the sole and exclusive remedy by which a judgment creditor of a member or member’s transferee may satisfy a judgment from the judgment debtor’s interest in an LLC or rights to distributions from the LLC.… Read the rest

LLC Owners, If You Owe Someone Money, Your Ownership of an LLC Might Not Be Protected: When It Comes to Single-Member LLCs, Charging Order May Not Be the Exclusive Remedy (Part 5)

November 14, 2015

Real Life Stories (Cases) on the Issue: Olmstead v. FTC (Florida).

Olmstead v. FTC, a non-bankruptcy case, dealt with the question as to whether a court may order judgment debtor to surrender all right, title, and interest in the debtor’s single-member LLC to satisfy an outstanding judgment (not unlike the question of whether a debtor-member in bankruptcy transfers all of his or her interests in the LLC to the bankruptcy trustee).[1] In that case, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) sued the defendants for unfair or deceptive trade practices involving an advance-fee credit card scam and obtained judgment for more than $10 million in restitution.… Read the rest

LLC Owners, If You Owe Someone Money, Your Ownership of an LLC Might Not Be Protected: When It Comes to Single-Member LLCs, Charging Order May Not Be the Exclusive Remedy (Part 4)

November 7, 2015

Real Life Stories (Cases) on the Issue: In re Modanlo (Delaware).

In Modanlo, Modanlo was the debtor and held a 100% ownership interest in NYSI, a Delaware single-member LLC.[1] Subsequently, the trustee filed a bankruptcy petition for NYSI and sought the court’s authorization to permit him to act as the manager of NYSI, among other things.[2] Modanlo objected, arguing that neither he nor the trustee as his successor had any authority to cause NYSI to do anything, including placing the LLC into a bankruptcy, once he filed his bankruptcy petition (causing him to cease being a member of NYSI and causing dissolution of NYSI).… Read the rest

LLC Owners, If You Owe Someone Money, Your Ownership of an LLC Might Not Be Protected: When It Comes to Single-Member LLCs, Charging Order May Not Be the Exclusive Remedy (Part 3)

November 3, 2015

Real Life Stories (Cases) on the Issue: In re A-Z Electronics, LLC (Idaho).

A-Z Electronics, another bankruptcy case involving a single-member LLC, follows the reasoning in Albright to reach the conclusion that a debtor-member’s bankruptcy filing assigns his or her entire membership interest, economic and non-economic, to the bankruptcy trustee where there are no other members. In that case, Ryan, along with his wife, filed bankruptcy and listed A-Z Electronics, LLC (the “LLC”) as an asset with a value of “$0.00.”[1] Subsequently, the LLC also filed bankruptcy, signed by Ryan as the sole and managing member of the entity.… Read the rest

LLC Owners, If You Owe Someone Money, Your Ownership of an LLC Might Not Be Protected: When It Comes to Single-Member LLCs, Charging Order May Not Be the Exclusive Remedy (Part 2)

October 29, 2015

Real Life Stories (Cases) on the Issue: In re Albright (Colorado).

In Albright, Albright was the debtor in bankruptcy and the sole member of a Colorado LLC, which owned certain real property.[1]  The bankruptcy trustee contended that, because the debtor was the sole member and manager of the LLC at the time she filed bankruptcy, the trustee now controlled the LLC and could cause the LLC to sell the real property and distribute the net sales proceeds to the bankruptcy estate.… Read the rest

LLC Owners, If You Owe Someone Money, Your Ownership of an LLC Might Not Be Protected: When It Comes to Single-Member LLCs, Charging Order May Not Be the Exclusive Remedy (Part 1)

October 24, 2015

As many of you know, an LLC’s assets are generally not subject to claims by creditors of LLC members for their personal debts. The LLC and its owner are generally considered separate legal entities with their own assets and liabilities. In our previous blog series on LLC statutes (available here), however, we mentioned that creditors of LLC members can get to the assets of the LLC by applying for a charging order, if the state law so provides. A charging order gives the creditor the right to receive distributions from the LLC to which the debtor/member would otherwise be entitled, if any, but does not confer any right to order distributions or participate in the LLC’s management.… Read the rest

All postings are intended to be planning tools to familiarize readers with some of the high-level issues discussed therein. No posting is intended to be a comprehensive discussion and additional details should be discussed with your transaction planners including attorneys, accountants, consultants, bankers and other business planners who can provide advice for your circumstances. This article should not be treated as legal advice to any person or entity.